Dating old english bottles

The base of the second bottle whose lip was shown above right is displayed here.The the lower left corner you can see evidence of the diagonal mold seam which at one time bisected the base.The middle picture shows an open pontil on the base of a cylindrical medicine bottle.The third picture shows the base of a milk bottle from just after the trun of the century.I have put up pictures of the lips so that the readers can see how they mold goes all the way over the top as shown below. This is different than an older hand tooled, hand blown bottle.The pressure from the automatic machine was strong and the molds fit tight leaving only a very thin line.

With the uniformity, came the possibility to create a solid seal with a screw cap.Unlike most screw caps, the three point screw top had three lugs jutting out from the lip which were to engage a metal cap.This closure can be found on Whisky and medicine bottles of the 1837-1940 period.All of the bottle mouths shown below were machine made.In the 1920s, the bottle mimicked early forms which were hand tooled and sealed with a cork.

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